Irgachefe (ይርጋጨፌ Yïrgach’äffe, also transliterated as Yirgachefe) is a town in central southern Ethiopia in Yirgachefe District. Located in the Gedeo Zone of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region, this town has an elevation between 1,880 and 1,919 metres (6,168 and 6,296 ft) above sea level. It is the administrative center of Yirgachefe woreda (or district), an important coffee growing area.
Coffee is Ethiopia’s biggest export. In 2008, the Ethiopia commodities market officially began trading coffee. Today, Ethiopia is the world’s fifth largest coffee-producing nation and grows the most coffee in Africa. It produces 846,575,000 pounds of coffee per year. About 15 million Ethiopian citizens work in coffee production.
Wet processing began in Ethiopia in the 1970s. Yirgacheffe, Ethiopia was the birth-place of the first wet processing mill. Instead of being picked and dried immediately, wet processing requires thorough washing. The coffee beans soak in giant water vats immediately after they’re picked. Once they are clean, the beans sit on rotating beds for 48 to 72 hours. This dries the entire bean evenly. Wet processing removes the traditional fermented Yirgacheffe flavors and creates a lighter bodied coffee bean with citrus and floral notes. Wet processing is a modern method that creates a more consistent flavor. This method produces Yirgacheffe coffee that can be marketed as a specialty product.
Yirgacheffe beans are bright and beautiful. They’re ideal for both hot and cold brews. The beans make a delicious light or medium-roast with distinctive floral notes. It creates a mellow coffee with a mild body. If you don’t like strong coffee flavors, Yirgacheffe is for you.
When indulging in Yirgacheffe coffee, expect to experience flavors of: